The larger part of Berki Hill today belongs to the community of Magyarföld where earlier famers from Bajánháza owned vineyards. (Bajánháza was an independent village up until 1942; presently it is a part of Bajánsenye.) This is where the borderline between Vas and Zala County stretches. The next village, Magyarföld, located along Via St Martini, is a place with only two dozen inhabitants. Until 1895 it was called Dobraföld. Its only sight is a wooden church built in 2008. St Martin’s Day was not only celebrated by Catholics but also by Protestants and several local traditions were cherished on this day. In the farmer’s calendar, Martin Day was considered a day of turning point and in a legislative context a “jurisdiction day”. In a village protocol written in Pártosfalva (opposite the Őrség region and now in Slovenia) and dating from 1803 we can read the following:
“The Day of Justice shall be the day ordered by the honourable hill…. that is on the Saturday taking place before Saint Martin’s day, near the day
celebrating the Visitation of the Virgin Mary and near St George’s day.”
“No-one shall drive their livestock below or above the vines on the hill until Saint Martin day cometh. If damage is found in an orchard, on a reaped field or in a vineyard within the border land, either ahead of or following St Martin’s Day, and if it the damaging livestock is a pig, it shall be butchered. Its head and noble meat parts shall go to the vineyard master, the rest shall go to members of the jury and to the farmer who suffered the damage. And should it be an aged livestock, i.e. an ox, a cow, or a bull, the vineyard master shall be allowed to exchange these livestock for forints (i.e. impose a fine of 2 Forints), a sum that shall be due to the jury, and the farmer’s damage, if it is grapes, shall be covered by the damager by paying the farmer’s vineyard tax for that given year. If a horse or cattle is discovered in the vineyard after St Martin’s Day, the fine shall be one forint.”

Berki Hill is a station located along Via Sancti Martini, which leads to Tours, France. This pilgrimage road pays tribute to a major saint in European Christianity, St Martin, who was born in Savaria, today’s Szombathely, in either 316 or 317 AD. Martin was passing through this area when he left his hometown to visit first Italy then Gallia. As a soldier he met a beggar at the gates to the city of Amiens, and he tore his cloak in two and gave one half to the beggar to express his sympathy with the poor and the needy. Later he left the army and set out on a route of pilgrimage; he organised Christian communities and founded a monastery. On his return to Savaria he converted his mother to Christianity. In 371 he was elected bishop of Tours. Because of his great kindness, his benevolence to people and the miracles attributed to him he enjoyed a special esteem and respect. He died in 397.

The St. Martin's stations within walking trail following distances:
Berki-hill - Kercaszomor (Szomoróc 6 km) - Domonkosfa (Domanjševci 8 km)
Berki-hill - Magyarföld (2 km) - Kerkáskápolna (3,5 km)

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The St George Abbey of Ják was founded by Marthinus Magnus de Jaak in cca. 1220, and it was consecrated in 1256. Its magnificent recessed doorway is the finest example of Hungary’s Romanesque architecture. The monastery, built adjacent to the church but destroyed in the late 16th century, was the home of Benedictine monks.   .....



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