The building of the fortress of Sümeg was started by King Béla IV. after the tartar invasions. The work was finished by the bishops of Veszprém. During the Turkish rule, from the castles of the region, it was only this one which remained under Hungarian control. After the conquest of Veszprém, in 1552, the bishopric was moved to Sümeg, and with brief intermissions it had been functioning in the town up to 1762. In 1745 Márton Padányi Bíró, then appointed Bishop of Veszprém, chose Sümeg as his seat. During his time the town began to flourish.This is the time when the baroque cityscape took shape, the new church was built in these years, decorated by the frescoes of Maulbertsch. The re-furbishment of the palace started, and by 1753 a grand, four-turret residential building, with a chapel and closed courtyard was constructed. The works were accomplished according to the program set bí Márton Padányi Bíró.The construction works were superwised by Paul Mojzes chief mason of the bishopric, the murals decorating the dining hall and the chapel are the works of György Vogl of Vác, the stuccoes were done by the Italian master Antonio Orsatti. With the chapel now functioning as an exhibition hall, in the medial axis of the ceiling fresco, Saint Martin is  portrayed as an aged, bearder bishop, kneeling on clouds,holding his arms apart. His bishop regalia and his martyr crown are held by floating angels. On the walls of the chapel paintings, depicting the events and miracles from Saint Martin's can be seen.

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The St George Abbey of Ják was founded by Marthinus Magnus de Jaak in cca. 1220, and it was consecrated in 1256. Its magnificent recessed doorway is the finest example of Hungary’s Romanesque architecture. The monastery, built adjacent to the church but destroyed in the late 16th century, was the home of Benedictine monks.   .....



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