The Medieval Cathedral consecrated to the Holy Virgin and Saint Adalbert of Esztergom was constructed at the orders of King Saint Stephen. In 1543 the Turkish troops sacked the town, and from this time onwards was the scene of contunuous battles. It was in the battle of 1594 where the famous Hungarian poet, Bálint Balassi was mortally wounded. The religious buildings were completely destroyed by the 17th century, except for the Bakócz-chapel of Renaissance style. After the clearing of the ruins, between 1822 - 1856; the present Cathedral was canstructed, based on the drafts of József Hild. This is the third largest church in Europe after Saint Peter's in Rome and Saint Paul's in London. The consecration of the church took place on 31st August, 1856. Emperor Franz Joseph was also present at the ceremony. Franz Liszt composed his piece, Esztergom Mass, for the occasion, and he himself was conducting the orchestra. There are two Saint Martin relics in the main church of Hungary. The flull-blown figures of the main altar are the statues of the Hungarian saints Martin, Gellert, Adalbert and Maurice. The statues were carved out of Carrara marble by Pietro Bonani Italian artist. Saint Martin is portrayed as young man, in military attire, standing on the left side, holding the divided cloak in his hand. Prebendary Márton Miskolczy ordered an individual Saint Martin altar from sculptor György Kiss. On the white marble altar in the transept, between figures of Blessed Helen of Hungary and Saint Kinga, the Bishop Martin from Tours is starding, with a goos at his foot. The piece was placed in the Cathedral in 1911.

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The St George Abbey of Ják was founded by Marthinus Magnus de Jaak in cca. 1220, and it was consecrated in 1256. Its magnificent recessed doorway is the finest example of Hungary’s Romanesque architecture. The monastery, built adjacent to the church but destroyed in the late 16th century, was the home of Benedictine monks.   .....



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